Bolvadin

Bolvadin is a town and district of Afyonkarahisar Province in Turkey. It covers an area of 1,108 km², has an altitude of about 1000 m. Bolvadin, with over 30,000 people, is the largest town in the province apart from the city of Afyon itself, built on a large fertile plain between the mountains of Sultandağ and Emirdağ inland from the Aegean coast. The plain is watered by the river Akarçay and is a rich agricultural land. Opium was grown in the area and is still grown today; there is a factory here producing morphine for the pharmaceutical industry. However, today the plain is also used for growing grain and fruit and Bolvadin is known for its cream made of buffalo milk. The higher mountainside is forested. The climate is hot in summer, cold enough to snow in winter. Lake Eber lies at the south-east edge of the plain, 967 m above sea level. Carp fishing and cutting rushes contribute to the economy of this farming district. This is not a rich region, it lacks infrastructure such as public transport and the people of Bolvadin are conservative. The area is vulnerable to earthquakes.

History of Bolvadin

Bolvadin is one of the oldest settlements of Anatolia, with a history of the area stretching back 10,000 years. Bolvadin, the ancient Paroreos was built in a valley of Phrygia and was. Bolvadin, was one of the 52 Archaic settlements in the Afyon region. Known as Kayster Pedion, an important settlement center, it rapidly developed after being burned by the Persians in 401 BC. In the time of the Romans, it had become the province center called Polybotos. After Byzantine times, it then passed into the hands of the Seljuk Turks and then the Ottoman Empire, where it also became known as a strategic crossing between the mountains. Bolvadin was occupied by Greek troops during the Turkish War of Independence, until September 1922.

Interesting Places in Bolvadin

Kırkgöz Bridge

The historic Kırkgöz Bridge is located on the Akar stream, which flows between Ebur Lake and Bolvadin. Kırkgöz Bridge, which was built during the period of Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, was repaired by Mimar Sinan during the 16th century when Kanuni Sultan Süleyman made preparations for a Baghdad campaign. The bridge on the Silk Road was extended by Mimar Sinan to 64 meters and its length reached 400 meters.


Yedi Kapi

The Yedi Kapi (seven door) rock settlement is located on the Bolvadin-Emirdağ road, 3 km north of the town of Kemerkaya and 1 km east of the main road. It is a rock settlement characteristic of the Byzantine period. Rescue excavation is being carried out by the Afyonkarahisar Archaeological Museum Directorate.


Kırık Minare (broken minaret)

After the fall of the Seljuks, Bolvadin passed through the hands of many rulers. It was during this time that the Esrefoglu social complex and the Erkmenhisarı Mosque were built. Today all that remains is the broken minaret and inscription.


Sections

  • Seydiler to Ozburun 14 km
  • Ozburun to Bolvadin 14 km

Accommodation

There are a few hotels in the town center of Bolvadin, but no accommodation in other parts of the county.

Transport

There are buses running from Istanbul, Ankara, Afyon, Bursa, Eskisehir, and Konya to Bolvadin.

                        


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