Yildirim Today

Yıldırım is the second largest district with the most immigrants, a total of 620,000 people, in the east centre of Bursa. As the former Ottoman capital, Bursa centre has many attractions which make it well worth a whole day visit, including historic mosques, caravanserays with silks and other clothing, and a lively town centre. The teleferique from the upper part of Bursa is the easiest way to reach Uludağ, the mountain above the town. In Yıldırım district, Wheat, barley, oats are the main products with beans and fava, vegetables such as tomatoes and peppers; Industrial plants such as sugar beet, sesame, sunflower; mulberry, walnut, peach, cherry, quince, chestnut are also grown. There is some small cattle breeding in the district, especially on the slopes of Uludağ. Poultry farming has also increased and there is also a developing industrial sector in the county.

History of Yildirim

The earliest known human settlement near Bursa’s current location was at Ilıpınar Höyüğü around 5200 BC. It was followed by the ancient Greek city of Cius, which Philip V of Macedon granted to Prusias I, the King of Bithynia, in 202 BC. Prusias rebuilt the city and renamed it Prusa. After 128 years of Bithynian rule, Nicomedes IV, the last King of Bithynia, bequeathed the entire kingdom to the Roman Empire in 74 BC.  The Byzantines succeeded the Romans until the arrival of the Turks. Following its capture from the Byzantines in 1326, Bursa became the first major capital city of the early Ottoman Empire; Yıldırım acquired its name from Sultan Yıldırım Bayezid. As a result, the city witnessed a considerable amount of urban growth throughout the 14th century. During the Ottoman period, Bursa was the source of most royal silk products. Aside from the local silk production, the city imported raw silk from Iran, and occasionally from China, and was the main production centre for kaftans, pillows, embroidery and other silk products for the Ottoman palaces until the 17th century. The city has traditionally been a point of attraction, and was a major centre for refugees from various ethnic backgrounds who immigrated to Anatolia from the Balkans during the loss of the Ottoman territories in Europe between the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Interesting Places in Yildirim

Uludağ National Park

A way off of the route, but so beautiful that it deserves a mention. Mount Uludağ (Great Mountain) is 2,543 meters high, making it the highest point in the Marmara region, and the Aras Waterfalls and glaciers at the peak are its most interesting geographical features. The National Park, 36 km south of Bursa, is one of the Turkey’s favourite winter sports centres and as well as skiing, its richness of flora and fauna has made it into a National Park and summer activities like trekking and camping are also popular. Uludağ was previously known as Olympos Misios in ancient times, and is known in mythology as the place from which the gods watched the Trojan war.


Cumalıkızık is a village in the Yıldırım district of Bursa Province, located 10 kilometers east of the city of Bursa, at the foot of Mount Uludağ. Its history goes back to the Ottoman Empire’s foundation period. The historical texture of the village has been well protected and the civil architecture of the early Ottoman period is still intact. The Cumalıkızık ethnography museum in the village square displays historical objects from the village. Every June there is a raspberry festival. The 270 famous Cumalıkızık houses are made out of wood, adobe and rubblestone. Most of them are three-storey – the windows upstairs are generally latticed and with a bay window. The handles and knockers on the main entry doors are made of wrought iron. Cobblestone streets are very narrow with no sidewalks, but a typical medieval gutter in the center for rain and waste water. Some houses are in process of restoration and maintenance, and 180 of them are still in use as dwellings.


  1. Bursa to Cumalıkızık 13 km


There are some rooms for rent in Cumalıkızık and a wide variety of accommodation options in the main city of Bursa.


Bursa can be reached from any major city by bus or flight. There are also ferries connecting Istanbul and Bursa. From the main bus station, you can find minibuses heading for the villages.


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